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ⓘ Oral tradition




                                               

Oral tradition

An oral tradition or oral culture is a way of transmitting history, literature or law from one generation to the next, without a writing system, by voice. People tell stories. Often the stories are made into poems and songs to make remembering easy. For example, the Homeric poetry of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined oral literature and oral history. Eventually they were written down.

                                               

Oral law

An oral law are rules of human behavior in use in a given culture, religion or other group, which is transmitted by oral tradition and respected. Oral law is spoken, as opposed to statutory law, which is written down. Like customary law, oral laws depend not on legislation passed by a government, but rather tradition, custom and precedent. Many cultures do have an oral law, while most legal systems of today have a formal written organisation.

                                               

Word of mouth

Word of mouth is the passing of information from a person to one or more people in conversation. In the past, it referred only to speech, but now, it can sometimes include online communication. It can be as simple as telling someone what time it is, or it can involve longer stories and news. It is a good way to share information about things that are of interest to a local community, such as businesses, other people, and things that happened in the past.

                                               

Legend

Legends are stories in oral tradition and a narrative of human actions. They are usually old but are believed to have taken place within human history. Legends are often passed on by word-of-mouth. Legends have often been transformed over time to keep them realistic. The word is also used for famous or historically significant people, places, art, etc. We sometimes say of someone who is extremely famous that they are a "legend" or "of legendary fame". Examples of legends are Ali Baba, the Fountain of Youth, Paul Bunyan, Kraken, Atlantis, the Loch Ness Monster, and Bigfoot. Some legends are ...

                                               

Narrative poetry

Narrative poetry is a type of poetry that tells a story. Narrative poems can be short or long. Some are novels or short stories written in verse form. Many older narrative poems were designed to be passed on through generations as a way of recording history.

                                               

Folk music

Folk music is music that is played or sung by ordinary people. It is traditional music that people learn by listening to other people playing it and then copying them. We say that the tradition is" orally transmitted” or" handed down orally”, meaning that the music is not written down but taught by speaking. Every country has its own traditional music. Folk song is part of folk music. A folksinger is a person who sings folk songs. In the 1960s a new type of music was started by Bob Dylan who mixed traditional folk song with rock and roll. This music is sometimes called" folk rock”. Folk mu ...

                                               

Ashik

An Ashik is a traveling bard, in Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, and Iran. They sing and play the saz, a form of lute. The songs are made up on the spot around common ideas. The Ashik tradition started with the Shamanistic beliefs of ancient Turkic peoples. The ancient ashiks were called by many names. Some names were bakhshi Baxsı, dede dədə, and uzan or ozan. They helped keep oral tradition, helped make a shared value system and kept the culture of their people. In September 2009, Azerbaijan’s ashik art was added to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. The word Ashik come ...

                                               

Folklore

Folklore is the body of expressive culture, including stories, music, dance, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, customs, and more within a particular people. This also includes the oral traditions of that culture, subculture, or group. The academic and usually ethnographic study of folklore is sometimes called folkloristics.

                                               

Sruti (scripture)

Shruti are the collection of vedic literature. Sruti Devanagari श्रुति, "what is heard" is a canon of Hindu sacred texts. They do not date to a particular period, but rather stretch across the entire history of Hinduism, beginning with the some of the earliest known Hindu texts, spanning into the modern period with the Upanishads. Sruti has no author; rather, it is divine recording of the "cosmic sounds of truth", heard by rishi. They are timeless teachings transmitted to rishis, or seers, directly by God thousands of years ago. Sruti is thus said to be apaurusheya, "impersonal," or rather ...

                                               

Criticism of Christianity

Since its beginning, Christianity has been criticized by people in all professions and by people of all other religions. The reason for the criticism varies: many Christians have followed the Bible in criticising homosexuality, abortion and many other hot button issues. Also, Christianity may be rejected because of lack of interest, due to abuse of Christianity, or some just prefer to not convert into it.

                                               

Short story

The short story is a genre of literature. It is usually fictional narrative prose and tends to be more direct and less-detailed than longer works of fiction, like novels. Short stories are closely related to oral spoken story-telling traditions and prose anecdotes. They all develop the story very quickly and come to a conclusion quickly too. Many authors today release their short stories together in a book, instead of one at a time. A short story can be written in only 10 words or less.

                                               

Judaism

This article is about the Jewish religion. For more information about the Jewish people, see Jew. Judaism Hebrew: יהדות is the worlds oldest Abrahamic religion. It is almost 4.000 years old. There are about 15 million followers. They are called Jews. It is the oldest monotheistic religion. The Torah is the most important holy book of Judaism. The laws and teachings of Judaism come from the Torah, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible and oral traditions. Some of these were first oral traditions and later written in the Mishnah, the Talmud, and other works. Both Christianity and Islam ar ...

                                               

Blind men and an elephant

The Blind men and an elephant is an idiom. The story of the blind men and an elephant comes from India. It is about a range of truths and mistakes. It is also about the need for communication and the need for respect for different perspectives. The idiom shows the effects of observation and bias. Idioms are a common stumbling block for learners of a language.

                                               

Griot

A griot or Jeli is a West African historian, storyteller, musician, genealogist, spokesperson, diplomat, teacher, praise-singer and more. There is really no word in the English language that fully explains what a Griot does. Not every griot does all these things, but these are some examples of what their function is.

                                               

Proverb

A proverb is a wise saying. Many cultures have collections of these, such as the Book of Proverbs in the Old Testament, was said to be written by king Solomon of Israel. A proverb is basically a wise saying.