ⓘ Turing test
The Turing test is a test to see if a computer can interact with a person. The human should not be able to realise it is interacting with a computer.
Alan Turing thought that if a human could not tell the difference between another human and the computer, then the computer had shown intelligent behaviour.
1. Test setup
A person has a telegraph, and is connected to two communication partners. One of the two correspondents is a machine. The person can ask anything with the telegraph. If the person cannot tell which of the two is the machine more than 50% of the time, then the machine is said to be intelligent.
Later on, people narrowed down the test. A human is unlikely to know everything. Therefore, both the human and the machine would be specialists in some field of knowledge. So would the person asking.
2. Other websites
- "Machines Who Think, on season 2, episode 5". PBS. Scientific American Frontiers. Chedd-Angier Production Company. 1991–1992. Archived from the original on 2006.