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Human migration

For the general concept of species moving around, see migration. For people moving data around see data migration. Human migration is people moving from one place to another to stay there. It often happens in large numbers. Migration can be withi ...

                                               

Punishment

Punishment is when something is done to a person that they do not like. It may be because they broke a rule. There are many kinds of punishment, from a death penalty for very bad crimes, to things that parents may do to punish children, like span ...

                                               

Arrest

An arrest is when a persons liberty is removed by taking them into detention. This is usually done after an investigation of a crime or in stopping a crime from taking place. The term comes from Anglo-Norman. It is related to the French word arrê ...

                                               

Cato Street conspiracy

The Cato Street conspiracy was an attempt to murder all the British cabinet ministers and Prime Minister Lord Liverpool in 1820. Cato Street was their meeting-place, near Edgware Road in London. The police had an informer. The plotters fell into ...

                                               

County jail

The term county jail is used in the United States for jails maintained to hold prisoners in each of the many county divisions of a U.S. state. People may be moved into a county jail immediately after they are arrested, or may later be transferred ...

                                               

Exile

Exile means being sent away from the country or area where you live. People are usually exiled for political reasons or sometimes because they have committed a crime. They may have said bad things about the rulers in that country or tried to get ...

                                               

Flaying

Flaying is a form of torture, mutilation, and execution. It is the act of stripping the skin and flesh from the bones. Flaying an enemy while alive is an ancient practice. Accounts attribute the practice to the ancient Assyrians, who were said to ...

                                               

Flogging

Flagellation or flogging is a word used regularly by Liam Wood and it means hitting the human body with a whip The word comes from flagellum the Latin word for Whip. Usually it is done as a punishment. Some people also do it as a form of sexual a ...

                                               

Penal colony

A penal colony is a settlement used to hold prisoners and use them for working in part of the states territories. This is much bigger than a prison farm. A famous penal colony was Devils Island in French Guiana. The British Empire used its coloni ...

                                               

Spanking

Spanking is hitting the buttocks of another person to cause them pain. Spanking normally means hitting the buttocks of another person with an open hand. Parents in some countries spank children and teenagers to punish them. In some other countrie ...

                                               

Security

Security means to prevent dangers or losses. In general, security is similar to safety. The difference between the two is that security cares more than general safety about dangers from the outside. Airports and banks usually have a lot of securi ...

                                               

Access control

Access control is the ability to allow or deny the use of a certain object by a certain person or entity. Access control machine can be used in managing physical objects or digital objects. Because every person’s fingerprint, iris, voice, retina, ...

                                               

Counterintelligence

Counterintelligence is an activity to protect a state against spies and other activities of a foreign intelligence service. It includes "protecting an agencys intelligence program against an oppositions intelligence service". It refers to informa ...

                                               

Covert operation

A covert operation is an operation that is done in a way that keeps it secret. The term suggests some kind of important reason. Examples might be: to get information which is needed for government security to gather information for future arrest ...

                                               

Hedgehog Security

Hedgehog Security is an Internet security company. It is based in the United Kingdom with additional offices located in Gibraltar, Spain, and Japan. It primarily provides penetration testing, vulnerability assessments and Cyber Essentials Audits.

                                               

Levenshtein distance

Levenshtein distance is a way to calculate how different two words are from one another. The simple way this works is by counting how many times you need to change one word to turn it into another word. The three atomic changes considered in this ...

                                               

Seat belt

A seat belt is a strap that holds a person into his or her seat in a car, truck, plane, or other vehicle, so that in a crash he or she would not be injured or killed by flying forward and hitting parts of the vehicle or being thrown out of it. Th ...

                                               

Smoke detector

A smoke sensor or smoke detector is a device that can detect smoke, which may be an indicator of a fire. There are two basic systems: Simple, standalone sensors usually make a sound or flash a light when they detect smoke. More sophisticated sens ...

                                               

Slavery

Slavery is when a person is treated as the property of another person. This person is usually called a slave, with the owner being called a slavemaster. It often means that slaves are forced to work, or else they will be punished by the law or by ...

                                               

Arab slave trade

Arab slave trade refers to the practice of slavery in the Arab world. This is mainly in Western Asia, North Africa, Southeast Africa, the Horn of Africa. It also includes parts of Europe beginning during the era of the Muslim conquests and contin ...

                                               

Atlantic slave trade

The Atlantic slave trade was the selling of African slaves by Europeans that happened in and around the Atlantic Ocean. It lasted from the 15th century to the 19th century. Most slaves were shipped from West Africa and brought over to the New Wor ...

                                               

Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation was an order by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in 10 states. It applied to slaves in the states still in rebellion in 1863 during the American Civil War. It did not actually immediately free all slaves ...

                                               

Free people of color

When talking about the colonies in the New World, the term free people of color was used for people who had both European, and African, and sometimes native American parents, but who were not slaves. This term applied to a large number of people ...

                                               

Fugitive slave laws

The Fugitive Slave Acts were two federal laws that concerned runaway slaves in the United States. The two acts were passed in 1793 and in 1850. They required federal involvement in catching runaway slaves in Northern States. The laws were designe ...

                                               

Master and slave philosophy

Master and slave is a theme in philosophy that can be used in different ways. It is explained by the German philosophers Georg W. F. Hegel and Friedrich Nietzsche but with different meanings. In philosophy, the words "master" and "slave" are not ...

                                               

Middle Passage

The Middle Passage was the part of the Atlantic slave trade where African slaves were brought to the Americas on slave ships. Millions of African people were shipped to the Americas over the Middle Passage. Enslaved people were treated so badly o ...

                                               

Pro-slavery (United States)

Pro-slavery was an ideology that promoted the practice of slavery and defended against any interference with the system. By the 1830s, slavery was practiced mainly in the Southern United States. African American slaves were considered property. S ...

                                               

Slave Power

Slave Power, also called the Slave Power conspiracy and Slaveocracy, was a term first coined by abolitionists in 1839 and was in common use by the 1850s. It referred to the economic, social and political influence held by slaveholders in the Sout ...

                                               

Slave ship

Slave ships were large cargo ships specially converted for the purpose of taking slaves, especially newly captured African slaves to the Americas. Living conditions for slaves on these ships was inhuman. Men, women and children were crowded into ...

                                               

Trokosi

Trokosi is a ritual that is practised in parts of Western Africa, mainly in Ghana, Togo, and Benin, with traditional religions. In these religions, children, aged between 5 and 10 years are given to the priests, to "pay for" sins of the family or ...

                                               

Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad was a secret network of routes and safe houses used by black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the help of abolitionists and those who had sympathy to their cause. The term is also appli ...

                                               

Blood eagle

The Blood Eagle is a torture method where a person is cut by the ribs from the spine, breaking the victims ribs so they resembled blood-stained wings, and having their lungs pulled out. Salt was also sometimes sprinkled in the wounds. The torture ...

                                               

Gas chamber

A gas chamber is an airtight room used for killing people or animals with poison gas. The people or animals are put into the gas chamber, the door is sealed airtight from the outside, and a gas, such as carbon monoxide or hydrogen cyanide, is put ...

                                               

Solitary confinement

Solitary confinement is a punishment or special form of imprisonment. A prisoner is not allowed contact with anyone, except the prison staff. It may be a kind of psychological torture. It is also used to protect one prisoner from other inmates in ...

                                               

Waterboarding

Waterboarding is a type of torture that has been used for a long time. It was often used to make people confess. The victim is tied onto a table or wooden board. The questioner has a helper, whose job it is to pour water on the victims nose and m ...

                                               

Enabling Act

The Enabling Act was passed by Germanys parliament on 23 March 1933. It was the second major step after the Reichstag Fire Decree through which the Nazis obtained dictatorial powers using largely legal means. The Act enabled Chancellor Adolf Hitl ...

                                               

Fair Labor Standards Act

The FLSA introduced a maximum 44-hour workweek reduced to a 40-hour workweek by 1940. It established a national minimum wage of 25¢ per hour. It guaranteed "time-and-a-half" for overtime in certain jobs. The FLSA also prohibited most employment o ...

                                               

P. W. Botha

Pieter Willem Botha was a South African politician. He is commonly known as P. W. Botha, and often called Die Groot Krokodil. Botha was the last Prime Minister of the country. In 1984 the office was abolished. After that he served as the first St ...

                                               

Hendrik Verwoerd

Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd was Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 to 1966. He was the person chiefly responsible for apartheid. He was born in the Netherlands. His parents emigrated to southern Africa when he was two years old. In 1950, Verwo ...

                                               

Civil rights

Civil rights are rights that all people in a country have. The civil rights of a country apply to all the citizens within its borders. These rights are given by the laws of the country. Civil rights are sometimes thought to be the same as natural ...

                                               

Freedom of information

Freedom of information is the right to freedom of expression on the Internet and other information technology. Freedom of information is the ability to access the Web without censorship or restrictions. Freedom of information is a human right rec ...

                                               

Lynching

Lynching is the execution of a person or persons, by the people of an area without the use of a court trial. Often the people lynched have been hanged. Other forms of lynching include being dragged to death behind a car, burning and use of a gun. ...

                                               

Civil rights movements

The civil rights movements was a series of worldwide political movements for equal civil and political rights. Many times in history, people have used nonviolence to show that they are equal without hurting anybody. Other times were more violent ...

                                               

Redlining

In the United States and Canada, redlining is the process of denying services to residents of specific, often racially dominant neighborhoods or communities, either directly or through the selective raising of prices. It is often seen as a modern ...

                                               

Constitution

The constitution of a country is a special type of law document that tells how its government is supposed to work. It tells how the countrys leaders are to be chosen and how long they get to stay in office, how new laws are made and old laws are ...

                                               

Amendment

An amendment is a formal or official change made to a law, contract, constitution, or other legal document. It is based on the verb to amend, which means to change. Amendments can add, remove, or update parts of these agreements. They are often u ...

                                               

Constitution of Argentina

The constitution of Argentina is one of the main sources of existing law in Argentina. Its first version was written in 1853 by a Constitutional Assembly gathered in Santa Fe. The basis was taken in part from the United States Constitution. It wa ...

                                               

Constitution of Australia

The Constitution of Australia is the law that set up the Australian Commonwealth Government and says how it works. It is made up of several documents. The most important is the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia. The people of Australi ...

                                               

Constitution of Azerbaijan

The Constitution of Azerbaijan was started on 12 November 1995 by popular referendum. It was changed on 24 August 2002. It is the "highest legal force" in Azerbaijan.

                                               

Constitution of Missouri

The Missouri Constitution is the state constitution of the state of Missouri in the United States. It is the highest law which forms the laws and government of Missouri. It is subject only to the United States Constitution, and the people of Miss ...