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Gottfried Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 1 July 1 1646 – 14 November 1716) was a German intellectual who wrote mostly in French and Latin. He played an important role in both philosophy and mathematics. He invented calculus independently of Newton, and his nota ...

                                               

John Locke

John Locke, known as the Father of Liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician. His writings on the theory of social contract influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, and the American revolutionaries. His i ...

                                               

Ehrenfried von Tschirnhaus

Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus was a German mathematician, physicist, doctor, and philosopher. Late in the seventeenth century, he was charged with making a survey of the minerals of Saxony. He had a government position there. He and his assi ...

                                               

George Clinton (vice president)

George Clinton was an American soldier and politician. He was the first Governor of New York. He then was Vice President of the United States under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Clinton was born in the state of New York. Clinton fought with ...

                                               

Elbridge Gerry

Elbridge Thomas Gerry was an American politician from Massachusetts. As a Democratic-Republican he was elected the fifth Vice President of the United States, serving under James Madison, from March 4, 1813, until his death a year and a half later ...

                                               

Samuel Adams

Samuel Adams, 1722–October 2, 1803) was an American leader, politician, writer, and political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Adams helped gather support in the American colonies to rebel against Great Britain. ...

                                               

John Marshall

John Marshall was an American statesman and jurist who shaped American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court more powerful. Marshall was Chief Justice of the United States, working from February 4, 1801, until his death in 1835. He worked ...

                                               

Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Louis David was both a politician and an artist who lived during the French Revolution. As a politician, he is most famous for being one of the handful of leaders that governed France during the most violent part of the French Revolution. ...

                                               

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, poet, novelist, and playwright. He also worked as an actor, administrator, scientist, geologist, botanist, and philosopher. He influenced many 19th century writers and thinkers. His contributions to ...

                                               

David Hume

David Hume was a philosopher and historian from Scotland. When he was still alive, people thought of him as a historian. He wrote a series of large books called The History of England. But today, people think of Hume as an important philosopher. ...

                                               

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing – 15 February 1781 in Braunschweig) was a German poet and philosopher in the time of the enlightenment. Lessing was one of twelve children. His father was a Protestant priest. He went to school in Kamenz and got a stipend ...

                                               

Adam Smith

Adam Smith was a Scottish economist, who is called the Father of Modern Economics. His book, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, published in 1776, was very important. People call the book just The Wealth of Nations. I ...

                                               

Andrew Horatio Reeder

Reeder was born on July 12, 1807 in Easton, Pennsylvania. He went to school in Lawrenceville, New Jersey. He became a lawyer in 1828 in Pennsylvania. In 1831, he married Frederika Amalia Hutter. They had three sons and seven daughters.

                                               

Charles Branscomb

Charles Henry Branscomb was a person in the New England Emigrant Aid Society. He and Charles L. Robinson helped create the city of Lawrence, Kansas in 1854.

                                               

Henry Clay

Henry Clay, Sr. was an American politician from Kentucky. He served in the House of Representatives, in the Senate, and was Secretary of State. He ran for President several times but never won. He wanted the United States to fight the British in ...

                                               

Daniel Woodson

Woodson was chosen to be secretary of the Kansas Territory by President Franklin Pierce on June 29, 1854. He took the oath of office in Washington, DC on September 28. He made $2.000 per year. He agreed with people who wanted to make Kansas a sla ...

                                               

John W. Foster

John Watson Foster was an American general, journalist and diplomat. Born in Pike County, Indiana, and raised in Evansville, he was a lawyer. During the American Civil War, he was a general officer for the Union. The Civil war ended in 1865. Betw ...

                                               

George Henry Hoyt

George Henry Hoyt was an abolitionist and attorney for John Brown. During the American Civil War, he served as a Union cavalry officer and captain of the Kansas Red Leg scouts. He became a brevet brigadier general by wars end. Following the war, ...

                                               

James Henry Lane (Union General)

James Henry Lane, also known as Jim Lane, was a partisan during the Bleeding Kansas period. It was right before the American Civil War. During the war itself, Lane was a United States Senator, and he was a general for the Union. Although reelecte ...

                                               

John W. Geary

John White Geary was an American lawyer, politician, Freemason, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was the first mayor of San Francisco. He was the 3rd Governor of the Kansas Territory. He was also the 16th Governor of Pennsylvania.

                                               

Lewis Cass

Lewis Cass was an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United States Senate. He was in the Cabinets of two U.S. Presidents, Andrew Jackson and James Buchanan. He was also the 1848 Democratic preside ...

                                               

Samuel C. Pomeroy

Samuel Clarke Pomeroy was a United States senator from Kansas in the mid-19th century. He was in the United States Senate during the American Civil War. Pomeroy was also in the Massachusetts House of Representatives.He also was the mayor of Atchi ...

                                               

Thomas Carney

Carney was born in Delaware County, Ohio. His parents were James and Jane Ostrander Carney. James died in 1828, making his wife a widow, and it left four young sons without a father. Thomas stayed at home, farming with his mother, until he turned ...

                                               

Wilson Shannon

Wilson Shannon was a Democratic politician from Ohio and Kansas. He served as the 14th and 16th Governor of Ohio. He and was the first governor of Ohio born in the state. Shannon was the second governor of the Kansas Territory.

                                               

Georg Holtzendorff

Georg Holtzendorff was a 19th-century German landscape painter from Saxony. He moved to England because of the Franco-Prussian War. Holtzendorff worked for the Royal Crown Derby Porcelain Company. He sketched the landscape of Derbyshire and these ...

                                               

Michael Cassidy

Michael Cassidy was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He received the U.S. militarys highest decoration called the Medal of Honor. He got the medal for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.

                                               

Luke M. Griswold

Luke M. Griswold was a sailor in the U.S Navy during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor, the highest honor of the U.S. military.

                                               

Thomas Kendrick (Medal of Honor)

Thomas Kendrick was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He was also a recipient of the U.S. militarys highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. He received it for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.

                                               

Samuel W. Kinnaird

Samuel W. Kinnaird was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He was a recipient of the U.S. militarys highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. He got it for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.

                                               

Dixon S. Miles

Dixon Stansbury Miles was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He commanded a division in the First Battle of Bull Run. He was the commander of the Federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry during the Battle of Harpers Ferry. He die ...

                                               

James Seanor

James Seanor was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He was also a recipient of the U.S. militarys highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. He received it for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.

                                               

George Taylor (Medal of Honor)

George Taylor was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He was also a recipient of the Medal of Honor, which is the U.S. militarys highest decoration. He got it for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.

                                               

George Boole

George Boole, was an English mathematician and philosopher. He created Boolean algebra. This is one of the bases of modern-day computer science. Other people, like Augustus De Morgan and Charles Peirce, refined and completed his work. In their ti ...

                                               

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Emerson was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1803. His father was a Unitarian minister. He chose not to follow the beliefs of the Unitarians and instead, created his own world view, Transcendentalism. He first wrote about this view in an essay ca ...

                                               

Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher and writer. At first, he was a professor at the University of Basel. He worked in a part of classical studies called classical philology. He later wrote several books of philosophy. And is now ...

                                               

Max Weber

Maximilian Carl Emil Weber was a German political economist and sociologist who was considered one of the founders of the modern study of sociology and public administration. He began his career at the University of Berlin, and later worked at Fr ...

                                               

Robert Byrd

Robert Carlyle Byrd was a Senator of the state of West Virginia from 1959 until his death in 2010. He is the longest serving Senator in United States History. He was dean of the United States Senate from 2003 to 2010. He was President pro tempore ...

                                               

Paul Cellucci

Argeo Paul Cellucci was an American politician and diplomat. He was the 69th Governor of Massachusetts and United States Ambassador to Canada.

                                               

George Docking

Docking was born in Clay Center, Kansas. Docking was educated in the public schools of Lawrence, Kansas. He graduated from the University of Kansas in 1925. He married Mary Virginia Blackwell, and they had two children.

                                               

Hubert Humphrey

Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr. was an American politician. He was the thirty-eighth Vice President of the United States from 1965 to 1969, under Lyndon B. Johnson.

                                               

Edmund Muskie

Edmund Sixtus "Ed" Muskie was an American politician. He was a member of the Democratic Party. Muskie was born in Rumford, Maine to a Polish family. He was the Governor of Maine serving from 1955 to 1959, and a United States Senator from 1959 to ...

                                               

Rebecca Soler

Rebecca Soler is an American voice actress who dubbed cartoons and anime for 4Kids Entertainment, Fox, Nickelodeon, Central Park Media and DuArt Film and Video. She grew up in Boston, MA and move it to Sugar Land, Texas. She is sometimes credited ...

                                               

Richard Nikolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi

Richard Nikolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi was an Austrian politician and philosopher, who was the founder of the first movement for the United States of Europe. He was a well known for works the founder of the Paneuropean Union and his wrote book P ...

                                               

John Dewey

John Dewey was an American psychologist and philosopher. He was born in Burlington, Vermont. Dewey graduated from the University of Vermont. He later taught at many schools. In September 1882, Dewey went to the Johns Hopkins University and studie ...

                                               

Friedrich Durrenmatt

Durrenmatt was the son of a protestant pastor. He was always interested in drawing. He went to school until 1941, afterwards he studied philosophy, sciences deep point physics and German literature at the University of Bern. He dropped studies in ...

                                               

Corinne Enaudeau

Corinne Enaudeau is a French philosopher. She is the daughter of Jean-François Lyotard. A teacher in philosophy in the Lycee Henri-IV of Paris and the Lycee Janson de Sailly, she is also the program director of International College of philosophy ...

                                               

Ali Shariati

Shariati was born in 1933 in Mazinan, Iran. He studied sociology in the University of Paris. He returned to Iran in 1964. When he returned to Iran, the Shah regime arrested and imprisoned him for political reasons. He was released in 1965. Sharia ...

                                               

Ron Estes

Ronald Gene Estes is an American politician. He has been a member of the U.S. Representative for Kansass 4th congressional district since April 25, 2017. He is a Republican. He was the 39th Kansas State Treasurer from 2011 to 2017 under Governor ...

                                               

Cleisthenes

Cleisthenes was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He reformed the constitution of Athens, and set it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC. For these accomplishments, historians refer to him as "the father of Athenian democracy". He also i ...

                                               

Mencius

Meng Kē, who is usually known as Meng Zi ,which means "Master Meng," or Mencius, was not in the generation of students who worked directly with Confucius, but in the second generation after it. He lived from about 371 B.C. to about 289 B.C. Menc ...