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Naloxone

Naloxone, is a medication. It is used to reverse the effects of opioid painkillers, especially when a person has overdosed on opioids. Examples of opioids include: Oxycodone often called Percocet when mixed with acetaminophen, OxyIR, or OxyContin ...

                                               

Pancuronium bromide

Pancuronium bromide is a type of medication called a muscle relaxant. Its brand name is Pavulon. It is used in medicine for many different things. It is also used in euthanasia. In the United States, pancuronium bromide is used in executions. It ...

                                               

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetics is a branch of pharmacology which studies what the body does to a drug. Pharmacokinetics looks at how a substance enters, moves through and exits the body. It relates how the dose delivered affects the concentration within the bo ...

                                               

Pharmacology

Pharmacology is the study of how medicine and other things have an effect on living organisms and change how they function. Pharmacology could also be defined as the study of how medicine actually works. Pharmacology is not exactly the same as ph ...

                                               

Pharmacotheraphy

Pharmacotherapy is therapy using medication, as separate from therapy using surgery, radiation, movement, or other methods. Among physicians, sometimes the term medical therapy refers specifically to pharmacotherapy as separate to surgical or oth ...

                                               

Placebo

A placebo is a treatment for a disease or condition which is deliberately ineffective. The motive usually is that if a person believes that a medicine, diet, or other treatment is good for himself or herself, then it is good for the person. Somet ...

                                               

Psychoactive drug

A psychoactive drug, psychopharmaceutical, or psychotropic is a chemical substance that crosses the blood-brain barrier. Its action affects the central nervous system. It can affect the brain and change perception, mood, consciousness, cognition ...

                                               

Quinine

Quinine is an alkaloid which can reduce fever, work against malaria, pain and swelling. The bark of the Cinchona family of trees contains quinine. Quinine can be made artificially, but this is more expensive than extracting it from the bark of th ...

                                               

Red Bull

Red Bull is a soda. Red Bull is based on the Thai soda Krating Daeng, which translates as "Red Bull". Red Bull is the most popular energy drink/ soda in the world, based on its share of sales. The company was founded by Thai national Chaleo Yoovi ...

                                               

Rohypnol

Rohypnol is the common name for a drug called flunitrazepam. A slang term for it is roofies. The drug is sold legally, and it has many medical uses. It is a strong hypnotic ; a sedative ; an anticonvulsant ; an anxiolytic ; amnestic ; and skeleta ...

                                               

Sedative

A sleeping pill is a drug that people take to help them sleep. It calms them, and makes them very relaxed. There are different kinds of sedatives: Pills that help people fall asleep. Pills that calm people down, without making them sleep. Pills t ...

                                               

Steroid

A steroid is a organic compound, either natural or man-made, which has four cycloalkane rings in its structure. Plants, animals and fungi make hundreds of different natural steroids. Steroid hormones are steroids which act as hormones in the body ...

                                               

Valproate

Valproate or VPA is a drug with the different forms, valproic acid, Sodium Valproate and Valproate semisodium. It is mostly used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder. It is also used to prevent migraines. It is useful to prevent some kinds of s ...

                                               

Warfarin

Warfarin is a powerful water-soluble compound. It prevents blood from clotting. It does that by reducing the production of factors by the liver that promote clotting. It is called an "anticoagulant agent". It is a powerful rat poison. In concentr ...

                                               

Automated external defibrillator

An automated external defibrillator is a special type of defibrillator which can be used by people without medical education. A defibrillator is used to treat certain kinds of heart problems using controlled electric shocks. Almost all heart prob ...

                                               

Bogota bag

A Bogota bag is a sterile plastic bag used to temporarily close incisions in the abdomen. It is generally a sterilized, 3 liter urological irrigation fluid bag, that is sewn to the skin or fascia of the anterior abdominal wall. It is called a Bog ...

                                               

Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation

The Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation is a largest dialysis & kidney transplant centre in Pakistan. All services including dialysis and transplantation are provided free of charge. It was founded by Dr. Syed Adeebul Hasan Rizvi and i ...

                                               

Singapore General Hospital

The Singapore General Hospital is the largest and oldest hospital in Singapore, which was founded in 1821. SGH ranked third as the best hospital in the world by Newsweek in 2019. The hospital occupies a large portion of the eastern part of Bukit ...

                                               

Kohlers Medizinal-Pflanzen

Kohlers Medizinal-Pflanzen is the German title of" the medicinal plants of Kohler” - the atlas of medicinal plants with the illustrations and the brief explanations, one of the most known reference books on the medicinal plants of the end of the ...

                                               

Oswald Avery

Oswald Theodore Avery Jr. FRS was a Canadian-born American physician and medical researcher. Most of his career was spent at the Rockefeller University Hospital in New York City. Avery was one of the first molecular biologists and one of the firs ...

                                               

Antipyretic

Antipyretics are substances that reduce fever. Antipyretics cause the hypothalamus to ignore increases in temperature caused by prostaglandin. The body then works to lower the temperature, which results in a reduction in fever. Most antipyretic m ...

                                               

Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol is one of the 150+ naturally occurring phytocannabinoids found in certain strains of hemp and in all cannabis plant strains. It is legal in many places and is used in the management and treatment of chronic pain, PTSD, anxiety, anxiet ...

                                               

Chest x-ray

A chest X-ray or chest film an x-ray of the chest used to diagnose diseases of the chest. X-rays are among the most common medical images. Doctors use them to diagnose problems. Like all radiography methods, chest x-rays use ionizing radiation. T ...

                                               

Cryotherapy chamber

Cryotherapy chamber is an individual, tube-shaped device to provide cryotherapy for human body. This is a type of low-temperature treatment used to reduce inflammation and painful effects.

                                               

Dialysis

Dialysis is where a machine is used to replace a kidney after kidney failure. The word dialysis comes from the Greek word dialusis, dia meaning through, and lusis meaning loosening. Dialysis can be used for people who have become sick and have lo ...

                                               

Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging, or nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, are techniques that doctors use to give a visual representation of soft tissue inside the body. Magnetic resonance uses nuclear magnetic resonance to generate these images. To tak ...

                                               

Nicotine replacement therapy

The nicotine in cigarettes and other tobacco products makes people dependent. When they quit, they will get withdrawal symptoms. Nicotine replacement therapy is there to reduce the dependency symptoms. This is usually done by delivering nicotine ...

                                               

Ventilator

A ventilator is a machine which artificially moves air in and out of the lungs of a patient in order to help them breathe if that patient cannot breathe on their own or breathe properly. Some ventilators can also be used in order give patients an ...

                                               

Medical specialty

Medicine is a very complex field. In the past, a doctor could learn almost all that we knew about medicine. Now that is impossible. So after finishing medical school, young doctors choose what kind of doctor they wish to be. After school, they us ...

                                               

Bariatrics

Bariatrics is the part of medicine that deals with obesity. Bariatrics includes using dieting, exercise, changing peoples habits, drugs, and surgery to help people lose weight. More and more people are becoming overweight or obese. People with a ...

                                               

Internal medicine

Internal medicine is the branch and specialty of medicine concerning the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases in adults, especially of internal organs. Doctors of internal medicine, also called "internists", are required to have includ ...

                                               

Pediatrics

Pediatrics is the specialty of medicine that cares for infants, children, and adolescents. The ages can vary from the early months until 18-21. A person who works in pediatrics is called a pediatrician. Pediatricians can be primary care doctors o ...

                                               

Choline

Choline is an organic compound. It is the precursor molecule for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is involved in many functions including memory and muscle control. Some animals cannot produce choline, but must have it in their d ...

                                               

Nutrient

A nutrient is either a chemical element or compound used in an organisms metabolism or physiology. A nutrient is essential to an organism if it cannot be produced by the organism and must be obtained from a food source. This article deals with nu ...

                                               

Vegetarianism

Vegetarianism is the practice of not eating meat or fish. People who follow vegetarianism are called vegetarians. Vegetarians eat foods like vegetables, fruit, nuts, beans and grains. Some vegetarians eat or drink animal products, like milk and e ...

                                               

Air pollution

Air pollution is a type of environmental pollution that affects the air and is usually caused by smoke or other harmful gases, mainly oxides of carbon, sulphur and nitrogen. In other words, air pollution is the contamination of air due to the pre ...

                                               

Global warming

Global warming is the temperature of Earths surface, oceans and atmosphere going up over tens to thousands of years. Average temperatures today are about 1 °C higher than before people started burning a lot of coal around 1750. But in some parts ...

                                               

Sick building syndrome

Sick building syndrome is a combination of illnesses associated with a humans place of work or dwelling. A 1984 World Health Organization report into suggested up to 30% of new and remodeled buildings around the world may be linked to symptoms of ...

                                               

Smog

Smog is a type of air pollutant; the word "smog" is a combination of smoke and fog. Classic smog results from large amounts of coal burning in an area and is caused by a mixture of smoke and sulfur dioxide. London is where it first happened. Coal ...

                                               

Acid rain

One of the tough concerns of todays era is the Acid rain which can have a devastating effect over all organisms living on the Earth. Acid rain is rain that is unusually acidic and highly corrosive in nature. It is rain with high levels of hydroge ...

                                               

Joseph Bazalgette

Sir Joseph William Bazalgette, CB was a 19th-century English civil engineer. He invented the system for cleaning drinking water so as to eliminate cholera. As chief engineer of Londons Metropolitan Board of Works his work was in response to the G ...

                                               

Blue Flag beach

The Blue Flag is a certification given to beaches by the Foundation for Environmental Education. A beach that has been awarded the blue flag means that it meets the organisations standards of environmental management. These standards are for wate ...

                                               

Ocean pollution

Because so many people use oil, large ships must take billions of barrels of it across the oceans. If it is not handled carefully, these trips can be very bad. In 1989, the United States experienced a large oil spill in Prince William Sound, a wa ...

                                               

Trophic state index

The trophic state index is a measure of how much nutrient, such as nitrogen and phosphorus are in a lake, or other body of water. Nutrients increase plant growth, and raise the trophic levels. The TSI can be used to make an estimate of the biolog ...

                                               

Turbidity

Turbidity is a measure of how well light penetrates water. It is caused by particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye. The measurement of turbidity is a key test of water quality. Fluids can contain suspended particles of many differ ...

                                               

Water pollution

Water pollution is the pollution of bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, seas, the oceans, as well as groundwater. It occurs when pollutants reach these bodies of water, without treatment. Waste from homes, factories and other buildings get in ...

                                               

Cocaine withdrawal

Cocaine withdrawal happens when a person who uses a lot of cocaine stops using cocaine. It can also happen when a person who uses a lot of cocaine starts using less cocaine than they did before. Cocaine also called coke is a powerful stimulant. I ...

                                               

Environmental factor

An environmental factor is any factor which influences living organisms. Abiotic factors include ambient temperatures, the amounts of sunlight and PH of water soil in which organisms live. Biotic factors include the availability of food organisms ...

                                               

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is a pouch at the start of the large intestine. Symptoms usually include a sharp pain in the lower right abdomen. Also, nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite are common. However, a ...

                                               

Arthritis

Arthritis is a group of diseases where a person or animals body joints are damaged. "Arthritis" means inflammation of bone or body joint. Arthritis can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness. It can hurt to move with arthritis. Arthritis is a condit ...